Zanzibar is an insular, semi-autonomous province that formed the United Republic of Tanzania with Tanganyika in 1964. It is an archipelago in the Indian Ocean, 25-50 kilometers (16-31 miles) off the coast of the African peninsula, made up of several small islands and two large ones: Unguja (the main island, known colloquially as Zanzibar) and Pemba Island. Zanzibar City, on the island of Unguja, serves as the country’s capital. Stone Town, its historic center, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Spices, raffia, and tourism are the primary industries in Zanzibar. The islands are known for their cloves, nutmeg, cinnamon, and black pepper. As a result, the Zanzibar Archipelago, together with Mafia Island in Tanzania, is frequently referred to locally as the “Spice Islands.”
Did you know you may visit Zanzibar with the same visa you used to enter Tanzania on the mainland? As a result, Tanzanian travel permits can be used on both the Tanzanian mainland and the Zanzibar islands.
Check out our Zanzibar itinerary, which may be conveniently paired with a safari on the mainland.